3GATTI Architecture Studio (Roma dan Shanghai) memenangkan kompetisi untuk mendesain museum mobil di Nanjing, China, sebuah ramp concentric dari luar memungkinkan pengunjung dapat menggunakan mobil pribadinya dari luar, masuk ke dalam hingga sampai ke atas atapnya menggunkan ramp internal.
3GATTI Architecture Studio of Rome and Shanghai have won a competition to design an automobile museum in Nanjing, China.An external concentric ramp allows visitors to drive around the exterior of the museum in their own car, past the exhibits to a roof-top car park. Visitors then descend through the museum on foot via an internal ramp.
It is difficult to identify one single and continuing exploratory theme in the work of Francesco Gatti. His aim is to experiment with heterogeneous solutions, each time meeting the challenge offered by his new creation’s specific conditions
From the ethereal virtual ceiling of the redevelopment project “In Factory” – his first Chinese work – to the curved forms of the Ze Bar, from the sculptural faceting of the Red Object to the spotted epidermis of his transgenic houses, the architect with Roman origins has never let himself be bound by a specific or recognisable aesthetic style.
The same applies in the winning project for the new car museum at Nanchino where Gatti has envisaged an origami on urban scale.The visual design backs up the fundamental practicality of the project in that it is the distributive organisation and the functional layout that determine the shape of the building.
The museum is articulated in two concentric helicoidal ramps; in the external one the visitor drives up the exhibition area in his own car, an experience that the architect describes as a “safari” because the visitor, as a motorist, is an exhibit himself.
The moving cars travel upwards diachronically (chronologically) in the folds of the origami from futuristic cars down below to vintage cars above and then up again to the car park on the roof of the building.
Here the visitor leaves his car and does the return journey on foot down the inner spiral ramp. Descending he sees all the exhibits as well as varying-sized glass boxes which house the complementary functions of the museum (offices, meeting rooms or laboratories).
The furbishing and details within the edifice are related to and on a scale with its specific functions and it is not difficult for the visitor to imagine that he is in a car on a highway, rather than in a museum.
On an overall scale the area tectonically resembles a road, with a structure similar to that of an elevated motorway or a car park, but on a more human scale, the structure is as complex, ergonomic and sophisticated as the interior of a car.
The building’s typology develops sequentially, its structure similar to that of a film where the undisputed protagonist is the automobile. In fact the visitor, as the spectator of a film, is obliged, frame by frame, to follow the physical and psychological route as dictated by the museum’s architect.
Slope car installation
In this way visiting the museum is divided into two types of experience:
The first is the experience of going up in one’s own car. As one ascends one advances chronologically from the more modern cars down below to arrive finally at the vintage cars on the top level. With this route one starts from a ground display level where the ceiling is 9 metres high and one arrives gradually at the highest display at the top of the spiral where the ceiling is only 4.5 metres high.
Programme: automobile and car components exhibition, educational installations, design centre, office, workshops laboratories, technical laboratories, conference rooms, space for special events, restaurants, retail, sales office.
Chief architect: Francesco Gatti
Project manager: Summer Nie
Collaborators: Nicole Ni, Muavii Sun, Chen qiuju, Jimmy Chu, Luca Spreafico, Damiano Fossati, Kelly Han.
Client: Jiangsu Head Investment group CO.,LTD
Location: Jiangning area, high-tech zone, Nanjing, China.
Total floor area: 15000 m²
Design period: May 2008
Materials: Steel structure, resin coating, glass partitions.